Cholesteatoma, Chronic Middle Ear, Mastoid Disease


An abnormal skin growth in the middle ear behind the eardrum is called cholesteatoma. Repeated infections and/or a tear or pulling inward of the eardrum can allow skin into the middle ear.

Position Statement: Cochlear Implants

The American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Inc. considers unilateral and bilateral cochlear implantation as appropriate treatment for adults and children with severe to profound hearing loss.

Position Statement: Ototoxicity

Ototoxicity refers to injury of the inner ear as the result of exposure to chemicals or medications. When use of an ototoxic medication is medically necessary with no reasonable alternatives, the lowest therapeutic dose should be used.