Patient Health Information

Swallowing Trouble

Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia) is common among all age groups, especially the elderly. The term dysphagia refers to the feeling of difficulty passing food or liquid from the mouth to the stomach.

Sore Throats

Infections from viruses or bacteria are the main cause of sore throats and can make it difficult to talk and breathe. Allergies and sinus infections can also contribute to a sore throat.


Abnormal changes in the voice are called “hoarseness.” When hoarse, the voice may sound breathy, raspy, strained, or show changes in volume or pitch (depending on how high or low the voice is).


What is GERD?Gastroesophageal reflux disease, often referred to as GERD, occurs when acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus. Normally, food travels from the mouth, down through the esophagus and into the stomach.

Vocal Cord Paralysis

What Is Vocal Cord (Fold) Paresis and Paralysis?


Tonsillitis refers to inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils (glands at the back of the throat, visible through the mouth).

Nodules, Polyps, and Cysts

The term vocal cord lesion (physicians call them vocal “fold” lesions) refers to a group of noncancerous (benign), abnormal growths (lesions) within or along the covering of the vocal cord.

Voice Box (Laryngeal) Cancer

Laryngeal cancer is not as well known by the general public as some other types of cancer, yet it is not a rare disease.

How the Voice Works

We rely on our voices every day to interact with others, and a healthy voice is critical for clear communication. But just as we walk without thinking about it, we usually speak without thinking how our body makes it happen.