Ototoxicity refers to injury of the inner ear (cochlear and/or vestibular end organs) as the result of exposure to chemicals or medications.


The American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery recognizes that the following tests or evaluation tools are medically indicated and appropriate in the evaluation or  therapy of certain persons with suspected balance or dizziness disorder

Red Flags-Warning of Ear Disease

Hearing loss and balance disorders are medical conditions. Only licensed physicians with a medical school degree and medical training (MD or DO) may diagnose and direct the management of diseases and medical disorders.

Management of Otosclerosis

The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery recognizes otosclerosis as a condition of abnormal bone growth that results in a progressive conductive hearing loss.

Use of Topical Antibiotic Drops

The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Inc.

Vestibular Rehabilitation

Vestibular rehabilitation, or Balance Retraining Therapy, is a scientifically based and clinically valid therapeutic modality for the treatment of persistent dizziness and postural instability due to incomplete compensation after peripheral vestibula

Micropressure Therapy

The Equilibrium Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery and the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery have reviewed the literature with respect to micropressure therapy


Parent Response to Ear Disease in Children with and without Tubes (PREDICT) Quality of Life Research Study

Otology Outcome Tool: CES

Chronic Ear Survey (CES) Description Provides information regarding total ear-specific health, as well as subscore information regarding activity restriction, symptoms, and medical resource usage attributable to chronic otitis media Targeted Age

Otology Outcome Tool: APHAB

  Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) Description Self-reported tool that measures the amount of trouble they are having with communication or noises in various everyday situations Targeted Age Adults Items (Domains) 24 (4)